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Madison County, Alabama
The 23rd Judicial Circuit encompasses all of Madison County’s 806 square miles ranging from the southern most ridges of the Appalachians to the Tennessee River. Our neighbor to the north is Tennessee. We are approximately a 100 miles directly south of Nashville. To the west and east, we are equal distance from Mississippi and Georgia. Madison County is Alabama's third most populated county with a per capita income second only to Shelby County, Alabama and a population of approximately 390,000 residents.
Founded in 1808, Madison County was named after President James Madison. A two-story brick courthouse was constructed on the town square of the City of Huntsville, the largest city in Madison County, in 1818. Today, its modern counterpart sits on the same site, overlooking Big Spring Park. Most county offices, including the District Attorney’s, are found in the courthouse.
Huntsville became the first state capital in 1819, when the territory of Alabama became the 22nd state of the Union. The capital later moved to Montgomery. Huntsville and Madison County have progressed from a small cotton-farming community to a booming metropolis, consistently ranked one of the top places to live in the United States, thanks in part to the arrival of Redstone Arsenal, Marshall Space Flight Center and NASA and the highly educated work force and stable job environment.
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